jina.types.document

class jina.types.document.Document(document=None, field_resolver=None, copy=False, **kwargs)[source]

Bases: jina.types.mixin.ProtoTypeMixin, jina.types.document.traversable.Traversable

Document is one of the primitive data type in Jina.

It offers a Pythonic interface to allow users access and manipulate jina.jina_pb2.DocumentProto object without working with Protobuf itself.

To create a Document object, simply:

from jina import Document
d = Document()
d.text = 'abc'

Jina requires each Document to have a string id. You can set a custom one, or if non has been set a random one will be assigned.

Or you can use Document as a context manager:

with Document() as d:
    d.text = 'hello'

assert d.id  # now `id` has value

To access and modify the content of the document, you can use text, blob, and buffer. Each property is implemented with proper setter, to improve the integrity and user experience. For example, assigning doc.blob or doc.embedding can be simply done via:

import numpy as np

# to set as content
d.content = np.random.random([10, 5])

# to set as embedding
d.embedding = np.random.random([10, 5])

MIME type is auto set/guessed when setting content and uri

Document also provides multiple way to build from existing Document. You can build Document from jina_pb2.DocumentProto, bytes, str, and Dict. You can also use it as view (i.e. weak reference when building from an existing jina_pb2.DocumentProto). For example,

a = DocumentProto()
b = Document(a, copy=False)
a.text = 'hello'
assert b.text == 'hello'

You can leverage the convert_a_to_b() interface to convert between content forms.

Parameters
  • document (Optional[~DocumentSourceType]) – the document to construct from. If bytes is given then deserialize a DocumentProto; dict is given then parse a DocumentProto from it; str is given, then consider it as a JSON string and parse a DocumentProto from it; finally, one can also give DocumentProto directly, then depending on the copy, it builds a view or a copy from it.

  • copy (bool) – when document is given as a DocumentProto object, build a view (i.e. weak reference) from it or a deep copy from it.

  • field_resolver (Optional[Dict[str, str]]) – a map from field names defined in document (JSON, dict) to the field names defined in Protobuf. This is only used when the given document is a JSON string or a Python dict.

  • kwargs – other parameters to be set _after_ the document is constructed

Note

When document is a JSON string or Python dictionary object, the constructor will only map the values from known fields defined in Protobuf, all unknown fields are mapped to document.tags. For example,

d = Document({'id': '123', 'hello': 'world', 'tags': {'good': 'bye'}})

assert d.id == '123'  # true
assert d.tags['hello'] == 'world'  # true
assert d.tags['good'] == 'bye'  # true
property siblings

The number of siblings of the :class:Document

Getter

number of siblings

Setter

number of siblings

Type

int

Return type

int

property weight
Return type

float

Returns

the weight of the document

property modality
Return type

str

Returns

the modality of the document.

property content_hash

Get the content hash of the document.

Returns

the content_hash from the proto

update(source, exclude_fields=None, include_fields=None)[source]

Updates fields specified in include_fields from the source to current Document.

Parameters
  • source (Document) – source Document object.

  • exclude_fields (Optional[Tuple[str, …]]) – a tuple of field names that excluded from the current document, when not given the non-empty fields of the current document is considered as exclude_fields

  • include_fields (Optional[Tuple[str, …]]) – a tuple of field names that included from the source document

Note

*. destination will be modified in place, source will be unchanged

Return type

None

update_content_hash(exclude_fields=('id', 'chunks', 'matches', 'content_hash', 'parent_id'), include_fields=None)[source]

Update the document hash according to its content.

Parameters
  • exclude_fields (Optional[Tuple[str]]) – a tuple of field names that excluded when computing content hash

  • include_fields (Optional[Tuple[str]]) – a tuple of field names that included when computing content hash

Note

“exclude_fields” and “include_fields” are mutually exclusive, use one only

Return type

None

property id

The document id in hex string, for non-binary environment such as HTTP, CLI, HTML and also human-readable. it will be used as the major view.

Return type

str

Returns

the id from the proto

property parent_id

The document’s parent id in hex string, for non-binary environment such as HTTP, CLI, HTML and also human-readable. it will be used as the major view.

Return type

str

Returns

the parent id from the proto

property blob

Return blob, one of the content form of a Document.

Note

Use content to return the content of a Document

Return type

ndarray

Returns

the blob content from the proto

property embedding

Return embedding of the content of a Document.

Return type

ndarray

Returns

the embedding from the proto

property matches

Get all matches of the current document.

Return type

MatchSet

Returns

the set of matches attached to this document

property chunks

Get all chunks of the current document.

Return type

ChunkSet

Returns

the set of chunks of this document

set_attrs(**kwargs)[source]

Bulk update Document fields with key-value specified in kwargs

See also

get_attrs() for bulk get attributes

Parameters

kwargs – the keyword arguments to set the values, where the keys are the fields to set

get_attrs(*args)[source]

Bulk fetch Document fields and return a dict of the key-value pairs

See also

update() for bulk set/update attributes

Note

Arguments will be extracted using dunder_get .. highlight:: python .. code-block:: python

d = Document({‘id’: ‘123’, ‘hello’: ‘world’, ‘tags’: {‘id’: ‘external_id’, ‘good’: ‘bye’}})

assert d.id == ‘123’ # true assert d.tags[‘hello’] == ‘world’ # true assert d.tags[‘good’] == ‘bye’ # true assert d.tags[‘id’] == ‘external_id’ # true

res = d.get_attrs(*[‘id’, ‘tags__hello’, ‘tags__good’, ‘tags__id’])

assert res[‘id’] == ‘123’ # true assert res[‘tags__hello’] == ‘world’ # true assert res[‘tags__good’] == ‘bye’ # true assert res[‘tags__id’] == ‘external_id’ # true

Parameters

args – the variable length values to extract from the document

Return type

Dict[str, Any]

Returns

a dictionary mapping the fields in :param:args to the actual attributes of this document

get_attrs_values(*args)[source]

Bulk fetch Document fields and return a list of the values of these fields

Note

Arguments will be extracted using dunder_get .. highlight:: python .. code-block:: python

d = Document({‘id’: ‘123’, ‘hello’: ‘world’, ‘tags’: {‘id’: ‘external_id’, ‘good’: ‘bye’}})

assert d.id == ‘123’ # true assert d.tags[‘hello’] == ‘world’ # true assert d.tags[‘good’] == ‘bye’ # true assert d.tags[‘id’] == ‘external_id’ # true

res = d.get_attrs_values(*[‘id’, ‘tags__hello’, ‘tags__good’, ‘tags__id’])

assert res == [‘123’, ‘world’, ‘bye’, ‘external_id’]

Parameters

args – the variable length values to extract from the document

Return type

List[Any]

Returns

a list with the attributes of this document ordered as the args

property buffer

Return buffer, one of the content form of a Document.

Note

Use content to return the content of a Document

Return type

bytes

Returns

the buffer bytes from this document

property text

Return text, one of the content form of a Document.

Note

Use content to return the content of a Document

Returns

the text from this document content

property uri

Return the URI of the document.

Return type

str

Returns

the uri from this document proto

property mime_type

Get MIME type of the document

Return type

str

Returns

the mime_type from this document proto

property content_type

Return the content type of the document, possible values: text, blob, buffer

Return type

str

Returns

the type of content present in this document proto

property content

Return the content of the document. It checks whichever field among blob, text, buffer has value and return it.

See also

blob, buffer, text

Return type

~DocumentContentType

Returns

the value of the content depending on :meth:`content_type

property granularity

Return the granularity of the document.

Returns

the granularity from this document proto

property adjacency

Return the adjacency of the document.

Returns

the adjacency from this document proto

property score

Return the score of the document.

Returns

the score attached to this document as :class:NamedScore

convert_buffer_to_blob(**kwargs)[source]

Assuming the buffer is a _valid_ buffer of Numpy ndarray, set blob accordingly.

Parameters

kwargs – reserved for maximum compatibility when using with ConvertDriver

Note

One can only recover values not shape information from pure buffer.

convert_buffer_image_to_blob(color_axis=- 1, **kwargs)[source]

Convert an image buffer to blob

Parameters
  • color_axis (int) – the axis id of the color channel, -1 indicates the color channel info at the last axis

  • kwargs – reserved for maximum compatibility when using with ConvertDriver

convert_blob_to_uri(width, height, resize_method='BILINEAR', **kwargs)[source]

Assuming blob is a _valid_ image, set uri accordingly :type width: int :param width: the width of the blob :type height: int :param height: the height of the blob :type resize_method: str :param resize_method: the resize method name :param kwargs: reserved for maximum compatibility when using with ConvertDriver

convert_uri_to_blob(color_axis=- 1, uri_prefix=None, **kwargs)[source]

Convert uri to blob

Parameters
  • color_axis (int) – the axis id of the color channel, -1 indicates the color channel info at the last axis

  • uri_prefix (Optional[str]) – the prefix of the uri

  • kwargs – reserved for maximum compatibility when using with ConvertDriver

convert_data_uri_to_blob(color_axis=- 1, **kwargs)[source]

Convert data URI to image blob

Parameters
  • color_axis (int) – the axis id of the color channel, -1 indicates the color channel info at the last axis

  • kwargs – reserved for maximum compatibility when using with ConvertDriver

convert_uri_to_buffer(**kwargs)[source]

Convert uri to buffer Internally it downloads from the URI and set buffer.

Parameters

kwargs – reserved for maximum compatibility when using with ConvertDriver

convert_uri_to_data_uri(charset='utf-8', base64=False, **kwargs)[source]

Convert uri to data uri. Internally it reads uri into buffer and convert it to data uri

Parameters
  • charset (str) – charset may be any character set registered with IANA

  • base64 (bool) – used to encode arbitrary octet sequences into a form that satisfies the rules of 7bit. Designed to be efficient for non-text 8 bit and binary data. Sometimes used for text data that frequently uses non-US-ASCII characters.

  • kwargs – reserved for maximum compatibility when using with ConvertDriver

convert_buffer_to_uri(charset='utf-8', base64=False, **kwargs)[source]

Convert buffer to data uri. Internally it first reads into buffer and then converts it to data URI.

Parameters
  • charset (str) – charset may be any character set registered with IANA

  • base64 (bool) – used to encode arbitrary octet sequences into a form that satisfies the rules of 7bit. Designed to be efficient for non-text 8 bit and binary data. Sometimes used for text data that frequently uses non-US-ASCII characters.

  • kwargs – reserved for maximum compatibility when using with ConvertDriver

convert_text_to_uri(charset='utf-8', base64=False, **kwargs)[source]

Convert text to data uri.

Parameters
  • charset (str) – charset may be any character set registered with IANA

  • base64 (bool) – used to encode arbitrary octet sequences into a form that satisfies the rules of 7bit. Designed to be efficient for non-text 8 bit and binary data. Sometimes used for text data that frequently uses non-US-ASCII characters.

  • kwargs – reserved for maximum compatibility when using with ConvertDriver

convert_uri_to_text(**kwargs)[source]

Assuming URI is text, convert it to text

Parameters

kwargs – reserved for maximum compatibility when using with ConvertDriver

convert_content_to_uri(**kwargs)[source]

Convert content in URI with best effort

Parameters

kwargs – reserved for maximum compatibility when using with ConvertDriver

MergeFrom(doc)[source]

Merge the content of target :param:doc into current document.

Parameters

doc (Document) – the document to merge from

CopyFrom(doc)[source]

Copy the content of target :param:doc into current document.

Parameters

doc (Document) – the document to copy from

plot(output=None, inline_display=False)[source]

Visualize the Document recursively.

Parameters
  • output (Optional[str]) – a filename specifying the name of the image to be created, the suffix svg/jpg determines the file type of the output image

  • inline_display (bool) – show image directly inside the Jupyter Notebook

Return type

None

property non_empty_fields

Return the set fields of the current document that are not empty

Return type

Tuple[str]

Returns

the tuple of non-empty fields