Docker Compose Support#

One of the simplest ways to prototype or serve in production is to run your Flow with docker-compose.

A Flow is composed of Executors which run Python code that operates on Documents. These Executors live in different runtimes depending on how you want to deploy your Flow.

By default, if you are serving your Flow locally they live within processes. Nevertheless, because Jina is cloud native your Flow can easily manage Executors that live in containers and that are orchestrated by your favorite tools. One of the simplest is Docker Compose which is supported out of the box.

You can deploy a Flow with Docker Compose in one line:

from jina import Flow
flow = Flow(...).add(...).add(...)

Jina generates a docker-compose.yml configuration file corresponding with your Flow. You can use this directly with Docker Compose, avoiding the overhead of manually defining all of your Flow’s services.

Use Docker-based Executors

All Executors in the Flow should be used with jinaai+docker://... or docker://....

Health check available from 3.1.3

If you use Executors that rely on Docker images built with a version of Jina prior to 3.1.3, remove the health check from the dumped YAML file, otherwise your Docker Compose services will always be “unhealthy.”

Matching Jina versions

If you change the Docker images in your Docker Compose generated file, ensure that all services included in the Gateway are built with the same Jina version to guarantee compatibility.

Example: Index and search text using your own built Encoder and Indexer#

Install Docker Compose locally before starting this tutorial.

For this example we recommend that you read how to build and containerize the Executors to be run in Kubernetes.

Deploy the Flow#

First define the Flow and generate the Docker Compose YAML configuration:

In a flow.yml file :

jtype: Flow
  port: 8080
  protocol: http
- name: encoder
  uses: jinaai+docker://<user-id>/EncoderPrivate
  replicas: 2
- name: indexer
  uses: jinaai+docker://<user-id>/IndexerPrivate
  shards: 2

Then in a shell run:

jina export docker-compose flow.yml docker-compose.yml 

In python run

from jina import Flow

flow = (
    Flow(port=8080, protocol='http')
    .add(name='encoder', uses='jinaai+docker://<user-id>/EncoderPrivate', replicas=2)


You can use a custom jina Docker image for the Gateway service by setting the environment variable JINA_GATEWAY_IMAGE to the desired image before generating the configuration.

let’s take a look at the generated compose file:

version: '3.3'
  encoder-rep-0:  # # # # # # # # # # #          
                  #     Encoder       #
  encoder-rep-1:  # # # # # # # # # # #

  indexer-head:   # # # # # # # # # # #          
                  #                   #
  indexer-0:      #     Indexer       #
                  #                   #
  indexer-1:      # # # # # # # # # # #

    - 8080:8080


The default compose file generated by the Flow contains no special configuration or settings. You may want to adapt it to your own needs.

You can see that six services are created:

  • 1 for the Gateway which is the entrypoint of the Flow.

  • 2 associated with the encoder for the two Replicas.

  • 3 associated with the indexer, one for the Head and two for the Shards.

Now, you can deploy this Flow :

docker-compose -f docker-compose.yml up

Query the Flow#

Once we see that all the services in the Flow are ready, we can send index and search requests.

First define a client:

from jina.clients import Client

client = Client(host='http://localhost:8080')
from typing import List, Optional
from docarray import DocList, BaseDoc
from docarray.typing import NdArray

class MyDoc(BaseDoc):
    text: str
    embedding: Optional[NdArray] = None

class MyDocWithMatches(MyDoc):
    matches: DocList[MyDoc] = []
    scores: List[float] = []

docs =
    inputs=DocList[MyDoc]([MyDoc(text=f'This is document indexed number {i}') for i in range(100)]),

print(f'Indexed documents: {len(docs)}')
docs =
    inputs=DocList[MyDoc]([MyDoc(text=f'This is document query number {i}') for i in range(10)]),
for doc in docs:
    print(f'Query {doc.text} has {len(doc.matches)} matches')